Bayonne is the most important commercial city in the area, thanks to its position as a large port on the Adour estuary, and on the most western route into Spain.
In the 13th century it was part of Aquitaine that came under British rule following the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine with Henry Plantagenet.
After the 100 years war, and the return of Aquitaine to France with the consequent loss of British trade, the city declined for a while in importance. By the 18th century, however, it had recovered its importance. The smiths and armourers became famous when they created the bayonette used by French infantry since 1703.
The 19th century with the Peninsular war brought difficult times again, but the growth of the petro-chemicals industry with the discovery of Lacq has brought new wealth.
|Golf at Chiberta (no 6 on map) ||Golf|
|GOLF DE ANGLET CHIBERTA|
18 holes 71 par 5650m COASTAL. Green fees: 240F - 320F
|Musée Bonnat ||Museums|
|Paintings, drawings and sculptures including works by Rubens, Gréco, Degas, Titien, Raphaël and Watteau. Open all the year round; closed Tuesdays and holidays.|
|Ilbarritz: La Barthe ||Natural History|
|Nature trail 1.5 km long. learn about the local flora and fauna.|
|Orx marshes, 15km from Bayonne ||Natural History|
|Best time to visit this 800Ha site is between Autumn and Spring. Although it is hunted many kinds of water-loving birds can still be seen there, including Acrocephalus warblers and Marsh Harriers, as well as herons. There is a road that divides the marshes in two: the flooded side is easier to watch as the birds can hide away in the vastness of the marshes on the other side.|
|Reptile House ||Natural History|
|A visit to the fascinating world of reptiles with 50 different species to see including boas, pythons, iguanas, crocodiles, lizards ...|
|Urcuit: Maison de la Nature ||Natural History|
|15 hectare site including farm showing local flora and fauna; aquarium. Open Wednesdays, weekends and school holidays, Apr - Oct|
|1st Division Rugby Team ||Rugby|
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